Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, a philosophical language of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism, and a literary language of ancient and medieval South Asia that also served as a lingua franca. It is a standardised dialect of Old Indo-Aryan, originating as Vedic Sanskrit and tracing its linguistic ancestry back to Proto-Indo-Iranian and Proto-Indo-European. As one of the oldest Indo-European languages for which substantial written documentation exists, Sanskrit holds a prominent position in Indo-European studies.
Today it is listed as one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is an official language of the state of Uttarakhand.The body of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of poetry and drama as well as scientific, technical, philosophical and religious texts. Sanskrit continues to be widely used as a ceremonial language in Hindu religious rituals and Buddhist practice in the form of hymns and chants. Spoken Sanskrit has been revived in some villages with traditional institutions, and there are attempts to enhance its popularity.
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