Engineering Services Examination (ESE)

Engineering Services Examination onlineacademics.inIndian Engineering Services abbreviated as IES are the civil services that meet the technical and managerial functions of the Government of India. Like most countries, the Government of India recruits its civil servants and officials on the basis of merit, the middle management positions in the bureaucracy are filled through competitive exams. Large number of candidates take these exams, competing for limited posts. IES officers are selected by the union government on the recommendations made by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). A combined three-stage competitive examination (comprising five tests), called the Engineering Services Examination (ESE) is conducted by the UPSC for recruitment to the Indian Engineering Services.

ESE is considered as the toughest exam in India and amongst the toughest in the world due to less number of posts having a selection ratio of 0.00275 (based on 2010 statistics) and its technical nature. Most toppers of this exam are graduates of institutes like the Indian Institutes of Technology andIndian Institute of Science. Because of this difficult selection procedure, IES officers carry high respect and status in society and are able to manage activities in diverse areas. Government spending comprises more than 15 percent of India’s GDP and given the extent of tasks and functions managed by the public sector, this extends to a fairly broad segment of the economy covering the railways, roads, defense, manufacturing, inspection, supply, construction, public works, power, telecommunications, etc. All appointments to the Group A services are made by the President of India.

Civil Engineering (Engineering Services Examination)

  1. Border Roads Engineering Service (Border Roads Organisation)ESE2 onlineacademics.in
  2. Central Engineering Service (Central Public Works Department)
  3. Central Engineering Service (Ministry of Road Transport & Highways)
  4. Central Water Engineering Service (Central Water Commission)
  5. Indian Defence Service of Engineers (Military Engineer Services)
  6. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  7. Indian Railway Service of Engineers
  8. Indian Railway Stores Service
  9. Survey of India Service
  10. P & T Building Works Service (DoT, Ministry of Communication & Information Technology)
  11. Military Engineer Services ( QS & C )

Mechanical Engineering (Engineering Services Examination)

  1. Indian Defence Service of Engineers (Military Engineer Services)
  2. Indian Inspection Service (Directorate General of Supply and Disposals
  3. Indian Naval Armament Service (Directorate of Naval Armament)
  4. Indian Naval Stores Service (Indian Navy)
  5. Indian Army Corps of EME
  6. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  7. Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers
  8. Indian Railway Stores Service
  9. Indian Supply Service (Directorate General of Supply and Disposals)

Electrical Engineering (Engineering Services Examination)

  1. Central Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Service (Central Public Works Department)
  2. Central Power Engineering Service
  3. Indian Defence Service of Engineers (Military Engineer Services)
  4. Indian Naval Armament Service (Directorate of Naval Armament)
  5. Indian Naval Stores Service (Indian Navy)
  6. Indian Army Corps of EME
  7. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  8. Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers
  9. Indian Railway Stores Service
  10. Indian Supply Service (Directorate General of Supply and Disposals)
  11. P & T Building Works Service (Department of Telecommunications (DOT), Ministry of Communications)

Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering (Engineering Services Examination)

  1. Central Power Engineering Service (Central Electricity Authority)
  2. Indian Inspection Service (Directorate General of Supply and Disposals)
  3. Indian Naval Armament Service (Directorate of Naval Armament)
  4. Indian Naval Stores Service (Indian Navy)
  5. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  6. Indian Radio Regulatory Service
  7. Indian Railway Service , Signal Engineers
  8. Indian Railway Stores Service
  9. Indian Supply Service (Directorate General of Supply and Disposals)
  10. Indian Telecommunication Service

Functions of the officers

The nature of work performed by these bureaucrats largely depends on their engineering branch and the service or cadre they are recruited in. However, they can move to any cadre, organisation, agency, department, ministry or PSU of the Government of India. They are appointed in the posts analogous to their present one, either on deputation basis which is of a fixed tenure (at least 5 years and extensible) after which the officer returns to their parent cadre or on absorption basis where the official leaves the parent cadre and is “absorbed” permanently into the new cadre.

Eligibility (Engineering Services Examination)

Nationality

The candidate must be one of the following:

  • A citizen of India
  • A citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan
  • a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Educational qualifications

At least a bachelor’s degree in Engineering (B.E. / B. Tech) from a recognised university or equivalent. M.Sc degree or its equivalent with Wireless Communications, Electronics, Radio Physics or Radio Engineering as special subjects also acceptable for certain services / posts only.

Age limits

21–30 years on 1 January of the year of Engineering Services Examination.

Upper age limit relaxation is provided to candidates as follows:

  • A maximum of Three years for OBC candidates [Non Creamy Layer only]
  • A maximum of Four years in case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof
  • A maximum of Five years for candidates belonging to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe
  • A maximum of Five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from 1 January 1980 to 31 December 1989
  • A maximum of Five years in case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1 August.

Engineering Services Examination

Application

Candidates are required to apply online only, using UPSC’s official website.

Application fee

The application fee of the online form for General category male candidates is ₹200, while no fee is required by female and the reserved category applicants.

Test centres

The test is conducted in June every year at centres across India, namely: Agartala, Ahmedabad, Aizwal, Aligarh, Allahabad, Bangalore, Bareilly, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chennai, Cuttack, Dehradun, Delhi, Dharwad,Dispur, Gangtok, Hyderabad, Imphal, Itanagar, Jaipur, Jammu, Jorhat, Kochi, Kohima, Kolkata, Lucknow, Madurai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Panaji (Goa), Patna, Port Blair, Raipur, Ranchi, Sambalpur, Shillong, Shimla,Srinagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati, Udaipur and Visakhapatnam.

Plan of examination

Based on the recommendations of expert committees formed by the Union Public Service Commission, the Government of India has conveyed its approval to the following structural changes in the scheme and syllabi of the Engineering Services Examination to be implemented from the year 2017 onwards.

Revised Scheme of Examination
Stage-I: Engineering Services (Preliminary / Stage-I)Examination (Objective Type Papers)
Paper-I :{Common for all Candidates} General Studies and Engineering Aptitude Paper 2 hours duration200 Marks (max.)
Paper-II : Engineering Discipline-specific Paper 3 hours duration300 Marks (max.)
Stage-I : Sub-Total 500 Marks (max.)
Minimum Qualifying Marks for each Paper should be at thediscretion of the Commission.

Only those candidates qualifying at this Stage to be permitted to

appear for Stage-II examination

Stage-II: Engineering Services (Mains / Stage-II))Examination (Conventional Type Papers)
Paper-I: Engineering Discipline-specific Paper-I 3 hours duration300 Marks (max.)
Paper-II: Engineering Discipline-specific Paper-II 3 hours duration300 Marks (max.)
Stage-II: Sub-Total 600 Marks (max.)
Stage-I + Stage-II Sub-Total 1100 Marks (max.)
Only those Candidates qualifying at this Stage (i.e. Stage-I + Stage-II) tobe permitted to appear for Stage-III examination
Stage-III: Personality Test 200 Marks (max.)
Stage-I + Stage-II +Stage-III Grand Total 1300 Marks (max.)
Only those Candidates qualifying at this Stage (i.e. Stage I + Stage II +Stage III) to be included in the Final Merit List of Engineering Services Exam.

Thus the marks secured by the candidates in the Stage-I (Objective type

papers) of the Engineering Services Examination should be added to the

marks secured in the Stage-II (Conventional type papers) of the

Examination and Stage-III (Personality Test) and accordingly, such

marks secured by the candidates in Stage-I should also be counted for

merit.

General Studies and Engineering Aptitude Paper

The paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude will include the questions from the following topics will be set in Paper-I of Stage-I:

  1. Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development.
  2. Engineering Aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical ability.
  3. Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis.
  4. General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety.
  5. Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services.
  6. Basics of Energy and Environment : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, Climate Change, Environmental impact assessment.
  7. Basics of Project Management.
  8. Basics of Material Science and Engineering.
  9. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance and technology based education.
  10. Ethics and values in Engineering profession.

Personality Test

This is the final stage; candidates who qualify the written exam are called for the interview. Interview carries 200 marks. Officially called “Personality Test”, the object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate. In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.

The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.

The interview test is not intended to be a test either of the specialized or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers. Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state or country as well as in modern currents of thought and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.

These four stages ensure that the candidates selected, are best suited to handle the responsibilities which will be entrusted to them. The selected candidates then undergo training at the academies / institutes of their respective cadres that makes them acquainted with the area of work, the cadre / service is engaged in.